A Complete Guide for Tyre Replacement
A Complete Guide for Tyre Replacement
Car tyres are an essential component of the vehicle that directly impact performance, acceleration and mileage. The wheels of a vehicle must be maintained properly to avoid safety hazards. With time and usage, a good set of tyres undergo depreciation and endure damages. Therefore, keeping a close eye on the tyres and replacing them timely is the key to avoid inconvenience.
Common Reasons for Tyre Damage
Although wear is inevitable, if the car owners are aware of the common causes of wheel damage, they can extend the life span by being careful. Following are some of the common causes a tyre is worn out.
- Driving on rough terrains regularly can impact the wheel more as compared to the vehicle driving on properly paved roads.
- Alignment issues can also put a strain on the wheels and cause uneven wear.
- The driving style of the motorist impacts the extent of damage the wheels endure. Rash drivers are likely to crash or screech more often. Spinning the wheels while accelerating or locking wheels while braking increases the wear.
- Driving at high speeds frequently takes a toll on the wheels of the vehicle as the added friction increases the temperature and wear.
- The wear of the wheel also depends on the position for example front wheel will have greater wear on the front wheels.
- The wheels of the vehicle bear the weight of the vehicle so excess load can also impact the level of wear. It is best to check the load index of the vehicle to avoid overburdening the vehicle.
- One of the most common aspects that is neglected is maintaining the right air pressure in the wheels. Under or over-inflated wheels impact the amount of wear.
Things to Look Out for Tyre Replacement
Car owners can check the wheels and if they identify the following issues then it is time to replace them to continue the smooth running of the vehicle.
The Tyre Tread Factor
Treads of a tyre begin appearing once the wheels start depreciating. Tyre treads are small blocks of rubber that are inscribed in the tread grooves with regular intervals. The depth of the treads can be checked using a tread depth gauge. The depth should not exceed 1.6mm otherwise the wheels will be a safety hazard. In some countries, it is illegal to drive a vehicle with tyre treads deeper than 1.6 mm.
The Lifespan of the Wheels
Besides the tread indicator, the wheels of a vehicle have a life span of 5-6 years after which they must be replaced even if they do not have any visible damages. It is recommended that if the wheels reach this time car owners keep a close check on the tyres. It is recommended to check the wheels weekly and in case of any problem prompt action should be taken. A car tyre that has exceeded 10 years must not be used as the vehicle will be at risk. With time the rubber of the wheels crack impacting the grip, stability and performance of the wheels.
Determining the Age of the Wheels
The car owner may not be certain about the age of the wheels, but they can find out. The process is very simple as it is mentioned on the sidewall of the tyre. The car owner must locate the letters DOT and check the four digits next to them. The first two digits signify the week of manufacturing and the last two digits indicate the year of manufacture. This can help car owners calculate the number of years and till when they can use them.
Mileage Covered by Wheels
The mileage that every vehicle covers varies with the type of the vehicle and nature of driving. However, it is safe to state that once a vehicle has covered around 40,000 km, the wheels must be considered replacing. If the vehicle is well-maintained with special attention given to wheels, then drivers may be able to extend the life span to 80,000 km as well. A thorough inspection and consultation with a mechanic can ensure that the vehicle is safe to drive.
The Alignment of Wheels
One of the most common reasons for wheels to encounter irregular wear is the issue with the alignment of wheels. To make the most of wheels, car owners must check the wheel alignment after the vehicle has covered 5000 km. It is better if a mechanic checks and corrects it in case there is a problem. Besides irregular wear, alignment issues can be detected if the vehicle is pulling to one side, the drive is not smooth, and the wheels do not correct even when driving straight.
If a car owner notices any of the above-mentioned indicators, they must consult a professional and consider replacing the wheels. It is better to replace the entire set of tyres and if not then at least replace in pairs to ensure a smooth and stable ride.